What are sinuses, and how are they at risk?

Sinuses are air filled cavities in the skull, that surround the eye and nasal region. There are four pairs of sinus cavities: Frontal , Ethmoid, Sphenoid and Maxillary. Their function is to air condition inhaled air so that it reaches the lungs at the correct temperature and humidity. Sinuses can be blocked with fluids which can lead to both short-term and long-lasting infections. Infections in these regions are commonly referred to as Sinusitis.  Conditions may arise due to allergies, nasal polyps, a deviated septum or even tooth disease. Cutting down on smoking also helps reduce the risk of sinus infection.

Medical advice should be pursued if you are experiencing congestion, fever, nasal discharge, loss of smell, bad breath and/or facial pain for a period of more than ten days.   Sinusitis can also occur in children as they are naturally exposed to colds and infection. 7-day fevers, postnasal drips, headaches and swelling around the eyes are common indicators that the child may have a sinus infection.

In cases of less severe sinusitis, nasal decongestants and saline solutions can help address the problem. However medical advice is recommended if symptoms continue after 7-10 days.  Doctor Tadros has treated countless cases of sinusitis during his time as head of ENT at Al- Zahra Hospital and today out of his private clinic.

(Disclaimer: This blog is not a substitute for medical care)